Alumier Skin Experts / May 21, 2019
Normal skin has balanced hydration and oil production. The key is to keep the skin balanced with a healthy lifestyle and appropriate products, which may change with the seasons.
Products for Normal Skin Type
Dry skin is characterized by a lack of moisture and natural oils in the epidermis and can cause scaling, itching and fine lines. Dryness is usually related to reduced oil production and increased transepidermal water loss (TEWL). Increased TEWL indicates a skin barrier issue that allows excess moisture to escape.
The main causes of dry skin are:
1) Winter weather: Cold temperatures and low humidity can dehydrate skin.
2) Aging: Hormone levels change as we age, leading to a decrease in sebum (oil) production and an increase in TEWL.
3) Genetics: Some individuals produce less sebum, causing them to have drier skin than others.
4) Hot showers: The longer you stay in the steamy shower, the more you dry out your skin. Five minutes is an ideal length.
5) Excessive exposure to water and harsh soaps: Frequent washing robs skin of moisture and many soaps strip skin of its natural oils.
6) The sun: Unprotected UV ray exposure disrupts the skin’s ability to balance moisture levels.
Products for Dry Skin Type
Oily Skin and Large Pores
Sebum (oil) is produced to protect our skin, making it waterproof and preventing it from becoming dry. Oily skin is caused by the overproduction of sebum and is associated with acne (pimples), large pores, blackheads and a noticeable shine to the skin. Genetics and hormones play a key role in how much oil our skin produces.
After being produced, oil moves through the lining of each pore and then onto the skin’s surface. If overproduced, that oil mixes with dead skin cells in the pore and causes clogging and swelling.
Large pores can also be a result of aging. The production of collagen and elastin decreases with age and a loss of elasticity makes pores appear larger. Gender and genetics are also factors. Men generally have larger pores than women, although hormonal fluctuations in females may contribute to enlarged pores.
Combination skin tends to be oily in the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) and normal or dry on the cheeks. The key is to customize, which might include using different products on certain areas of the face.